The definition of ‘music streaming market’, in particular understanding audio in a wider context, and where music streaming is a complementary but secondary component of business models;
The relationships between self-release creators/micro-producers and music streaming services, in particular the role of established and new-entrant gatekeeping intermediaries such as collective management organisations (CMOs) and artist and label (A&L) services;
The control, interoperability and portability of data.
This submission draws on empirical research from legal and socio-cultural perspectives examining Intellectual Property issues in artist labour markets, along with research in the field of Competition Law in the context of multisided platforms.
Please reference this paper as: Barr, K., Eben, M. and Kretschmer, M. (2022). Response to the Competition and Markets Authority’s (CMA) proposed market study on the ‘Music and streaming market’. Various: CREATe Centre, University of Glasgow and Creative Industries Policy and Evidence Centre.